The portuguese city of Aveiro, popularly known as “The Portuguese Venice”, belongs to the District of Aveiro. It is on the coast of Portugal between Coimbra and Porto with around 55 thousand aveirenses. Aveiro was originally founded by the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius and it’s famous for its natural water channels that cut through the city and connect the river with the ocean.
Next to Aveiro we can find Costa Nova and its margin is a beach bathed by the Atlantic Ocean. Here you can see some small typical Aveiro houses painted with bright colors in vertical stripes.
Since the origin of Aveiro its main economic activities were the production of salt, naval commerce and fishing. Salt was already explored in the Roman times, even before the existence of the Ria de Aveiro. When Aveiro became one of the best ports of Portugal the salt commerce and codfish fishing greatly increased. Alongside these activities Aveiro also owes much of its development to the ceramic industry.
Not only is Aveiro looked for its natural landscapes and bird tourism it is also considered a touristic point of Portugal due to its historical monuments that represent the Baroque and Mannerism artistic style. It is a city that preserves many of its traditions such as the tiled coated buildings and its history in many interesting cultural points such as the Museum of Aveiro, Maritime Museum of Ílhavo and the Centre of Visits of Vista Alegre.
The salinas are an artificial habitat of high importance for the flora and fauna as well for economic exploration. These are a set of ditches, canals, ponds and evaporation ponds separated by dikes, which allow the partitioning and management of the water circulation. The characteristics of this habitat are of great value for the sea birds, making the salinas of Aveiro an important landmark for bird tourism where you can find around 30 species.
These are the boats that roam the Ria de Aveiro and were originally used for the moliço catch – aquatic plants that are harvested to be used in agriculture. These were caught in big quantities by rakes dragged by the moliceiros. Nowadays they are used for touristic purposes, being easily distinguished by their bright colors and humorous decorations that follow the established tradition.
Working side by side to the traditional Aveiro activities is a knowledge center – the University of Aveiro. It was founded in 1973 and it quickly rose to become one of the most dynamic and innovating universities of the country. It is currently attended by 15 000 students and is a highly regarded center of investigation supported by its high-quality infrastructure.